Every child's right to be heard : a resource guide on the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child general comment no. 12


This guide provides detailed analysis on the implementation of article 12 in different settings including the state’s obligations relating to judicial and administrative proceedings (including in public and private law and immigration and asylum proceedings). It provides practical help on implementation through examples of legislation and policy, guidelines for practitioners, evidence from research, and examples of meaningful participation in practice. 

List people or organisations involved in producing the resource

UNICEF, Save the Children, Gerison Lansdown

Theory to Practice (models and frameworks)
Age range of target people
0-8 years
9-12 years
13-15 years
16-18 years
Characteristics of children and groups
All children
Care experience
Living in poverty
Living with violence
Living rurally
Living in a city
Contact with the criminal justice system
Young carers
Refugees, asylum seekers, undocumented migrants
Ethnic, religious, linguistic minorities
Roma, Sinti, Travellers
Persons with disabilities
Modes of participation
Phases in cycle of participation
Connecting with Children
Identifying Issues and Priorities
Investigating Children's Views
Taking Action
Following-up on Actions
Evaluating and Sharing
Profile of target group
Artists & Cultural Operators
Healthcare Professionals (Doctors, Nurses, Community Health)
Educators (e.g. teachers)
Social Workers
Youth Workers
Municipality Staff
Local Authorities (Policy-makers; Decision-makers)
National Authorities
Type of resource
electronic publication (PDF)